What are shin splints?
The term shin splints is often used to describe generalised pain through the lower leg.
There are usually three pathological processes:
- Bone Stress – Bone Strain à Stress Reaction à Stress Fracture
- Inflammation – develops at the insertion of muscles, particularly tibialis posterior, tibialis anterior and soleus, and fascia to the borders of the tibia
- Intracompartment Pressure – The lower leg has a number of muscle compartments each enveloped by a thick inelastic fascia. As a result of overuse/inflammation the muscle compartments may become swollen and painful.
What are some of the causes?
- Excessive rolling in of the feet
- Rigid high arched foot (Poor shock absorption)
- Muscle imbalance
- Poor conditioning for level of activity
- Training errors
- Incorrect, Inadequate or worn out footwear
- Activity modification
- Anti-inflammatory medication
- Foot Strapping
- Footwear review/recommendation
- Stretching/strengthening exercises